Dongguan is currently known as one of the economic engines of Guangdong, a fact which may lead travelers to believe it is of little interest to tourists. In fact, Dongguan has many historical spots, especially relics of the Opium War, also known as the Anglo-Chinese Wars, which lasted from 1839 to 1842 and 1856 to 1860. It has many fortifications used during the period, as well as other attractions and museums devoted to the era.

Of all the relics, the highest recommended is Humen Weiyuan Fort, one of the best-preserved and largest former forts in China. Dongguan’s Opium War Museum is an AAAA National Scenic Area which features a comprehensive collection of historical materials related to the Opium War. Shajiao Fort, another relic of the Opium War, was an important line of defense, protecting the city of Guangzhou together with Dajiao Fort. Dongguan’s Ke Yuan (Keyuan Garden), a classic Guangdong-style garden, also attracts a number of foreign tourists.

Travelers interested in the history of the Opium War or in Chinese gardens should give the lively city of Dongguan a try.

 Opium War Museum

Situated in Humen Town in south Dongguan, the museum has a wide collection of various historical materials of Opium Wars and the relics of Lin Zexu’s opium-destroying operation during that period. It has been awarded as an AAAA National Scenic Area and is one of the top 100 National Patriotism Education Base Models in China. You can learn the story of Lin Zexu, a famous Chinese scholar and official who dealt a huge blow to the opium trade during the Qing Dynasty.

The main attraction in the museum is the exhibition building, which covers a total area of about 2,400 square meters. Shaped like an emplacement, it highlights many pictures and materials about the Opium Wars and its protagonist, Lin Zexu. On the second floor, there is a huge cubistic painting so vivid that one experiences what it was like to be on the battlefield of the Opium Wars. The painting applies advanced technologies of sand table, sound, light, and electricity to showcase the turbulent period.

In addition, the museum holds some exhibitions about drug control, modern art, science and technology, and ethnic customs.

Hours: 07:00-17:00
Address: No. 88, Jiefang Road, Humen Town
Transportation: take bus No. 223 or 228
Admission: CNY 10
Phone: 0769-85505670 85512065

Humen Pearl River Bridge

The Humen Pearl River Bridge is China’s first suspension bridge that spans 888 meters over the Pearl River in Guangdong, with a total investment of about CNY 3 billion. The main bridge is 4.58 kilometers long, with six two-way lanes. It has thereby shortened the distance between Hong Kong and Shenzhen to Zhuhai by 120 kilometers.

The main span of the bridge is 60 meters. Large ships are allowed to pass through the bridge. The best time to visit the bridge is in the night, because the night view is very beautiful.

Address: Middle of Pearl River Delta
Transportation: catch the special-line autobuses from downtown Dongguan to Weiyuan Emplacement
Admission: free of charge

Ke Garden of Dongguan

 

Ke Garden of Dongguan is one of the four most famous classic-style gardens in Guangdong. Established in 1850 on the Keyuan Road in Guancheng District, the garden is one of the key cultural relics under state protection in China.

Covering an area of 2,200 square meters, the garden has dozens of traditional buildings in it, as well as pavilions, pools, and bridges. It is divided into four parts, including three building groups and one yard. The three building groups are located in the southeast, west, and north of the garden, respectively. The yard is in the middle. You can also walk along the corridor around the yard, through which you will find all the scenes of the garden.

Address: No. 32, Keyuan Road, Guancheng District
Hours: 08:00-17:30
Admission: CNY 8
Transportation: take bus No. L5, L3, L2, L1, C4, C2, 7, 4, 46, 45, 31, 30, 2A, 28, 15, 21, 20, 50, 16, 11, 12, 24, 29, 25, K5, K3, 9, 22, 48, 33, 5, 10,, or special route bus from Guancheng to Weiyuan
Phone: 0769-22116462 22223600

Humen Naval Battle Museum

                                                

 

Located at the east end of Humen Pearl River Bridge, the museum is a memorial complex covering a land area of 204,000 square meters and a floor area of about 10,000 square meters. It is composed of an exhibition hall, memorial square, and sea wall.

As an important part to educate the public about the Humen Battery, the museum is one of the top three drug control education bases in China. The museum focuses on the naval battles over the Opium Wars.

The main exhibition hall comprises four parts. Halls No. 1 and 2 focus on the exhibition of the Naval Battles in the Opium Wars; Hall No. 4 is an education base for drug control, containing many pictures.

It is not only a place of historical education, but also a beautiful scenic spot encircled by the wide sea. In addition, Weiyuan Battery and Humen Battery are located nearby.

Hours: 07:00-17:00
Address: Weiyuan Island, Humen Town
Transportation: take bus No. 13, 17, 23, 28, 30, 41, 45, 6, L3, L4, 16, 25, 37, 46, L5, or special route bus from Guancheng to Weiyuan
Admission: CNY 20
Phone: 0769-85527154

 Shajiao Battery

 

Established in 1801, the Shajiao Battery is the first defense line of Guangzhou during the Opium Wars, together with Dajiao Battery. It was refurbished in memorial of the scene where Humen people fought against the foreign invaders during the Opium Wars. Now, Lin Zexu Monument, Chen Liansheng Statue, High Stage are all accessible to the tourists.

An important historical site of the Opium Wars, the battery is 139 meters long, with 11 iron cannons and one cannon at the front. Offices and rooms for officials, as well as rooms for soldiers can be found around. It has become a national education base in China. In addition, it also holds drug control exhibitions and science and technology exhibitions.

 

Address: Shajiao, Humen Town
Hours: 07:00-17:00
Admission: CNY 20
Transportation: take bus No. 118, Humen Bus No. 10, 5, or 7
Phone: 0769-85563429

   Humen Weiyuan Battery

 

Located on Weiyuan Island, the battery is very near to the Humen Pearl River Bridge. As one of the relics of the Opium Wars and the main battlefield of Humen, the battery is also one of the best-preserved and largest ancient batteries in China.

The battery is shaped like a crescent, 360 meters long, 6.2 meters high, and 7.6 meters wide. The base of the battery is made of granite, very solid. There are four exposed emplacements and 40 hidden emplacements. Chinese famous director Xie Jin’s film Opium Wars was filmed at the spot.

Hours: 07:00-17:00
Address: Weiyuan Island, Humen Town
Transportation: take bus No. 228, 323, Humen Bus No.8, 2, or 9
Admission: CNY 8
Phone: 0769-85527154